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Module A ButtonTopic A3.4: Instructional Design

How Course Outcomes Relate to the “Perceived Value of Courses”
How do you place a value on learning? Business clients ask how training affects profits, or reduces costs. In many colleges and universities, learning outcomes have become part of course and faculty evaluations.

Educational value is often seen as a measurable change in performing a skill, a change in attitude, or an increase in knowledge and thinking ability. But, how can we measure this change? For example, if our objective was to teach how to apply a splint to a broken arm, and a student can demonstrate this, then the stated objective was met. We still need to consider the criteria for measurement, however. How many times without error should the skill be demonstrated? Should it be textbook perfect or is there room for error? When an outside agency tests the student on this skill, what are the expectations of acceptable performance?

Carefully crafting objectives is more involved than it looks on the surface, but not that complicated. The key is for the objective to be linked to the testing of assessment.


Learning Activity I

Think about a topic that you’re already presenting in a face-to-face format or other setting you’re comfortable with. Go to the Expected Outcomes forum and write and post one or two expected outcomes for your students. Don’t be concerned about crafting a goal or an objective for this exercise. Simply focus on the course outcomes. Save your response for use in later reflections.


Development: In this phase of the ADDIE model, you will prepare your course content materials and support materials, including any media you intend to use. Begin to field or beta test the content during this phase as well.

Implementation: In this next phase, you will put materials “online,” making them available to a pilot group of learners -- instructors, facilitators, and program stakeholders -- so these materials can be evaluated. It is at this phase that you will systematically revise the course, reworking any element needing improvement.


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